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Garba (ગરબા in Gujarati) is a form of traditional dance which originated in the state of Gujarat in India. it is performed during the nine-day Hindu festival Navratri. Either a lamp called Garba Deep or an image of the Goddess, Durga (also called Amba) is placed in the middle of concentric rings as an object of veneration. Devotees dance harmoniously to the beat of music around the image or the Garba lamp.
The word Garba comes from the Sanakrit word for womb and so implies gestation or pregnancy - life. Traditionally, the dance is performed around a clay lantern with a light inside, called a Garbha Deep. This lantern represents life; the fetus in the womb in particular. The dancers thus honor goddess Durga, the feminine form of divinity.
Garba is performed in a circle as a symbol of the Hindu view of time. The rings of dancers revolve in cycles, as time in Hinduism is cyclical. As the cycle of time revolves, from birth, to life, to death and again to rebirth, the only thing that is constant is the Goddess, that one unmoving symbol in the midst of all of this unending and infinite movement. The dance symbolizes that God, represented in feminine form in this case, is the only thing that remains unchanging in a constantly changing universe (jagat).
The Garbha Deep has another symbolic interpretation. The vessel itself is a symbol of the body, within whom Divinity (in the form of the Goddess) resides. Garba is danced around this symbol to honor the fact that all humans have the Divine energy of Devi within them. Garba is now being appreciated worldwide.
A skullcap is a small, round hat that fits closely on the top of the head. It is used by Muslims mainly used for prayer purpose and is also referred as a “prayer cap”. Skullcaps are also worn by religious Jewish men and high ranking Roman Catholic priests.
Taqiyah is the Arabic word for the Muslim cap used in Saudi Arabia. In Pakistan and India, the prayer cap is called a topi. Topi means cap in the Hindi/Urdu language. In Pakistan, men usually wear the topi with salwar kameez. In Bangladesh it's known as tupi.